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Ten Random Breeds.

Bergamasco Shepherd

Originating in the Italian Alps, the Bergamasco Shepherd is used in herding and guarding sheep and cattle. An alert, observant and patient breed, the Bergamasco Shepherd establishes a close bond with his owner. While the breed is suited as a guard dog, aggressive or overly shy behaviour is a fault. A medium sized dog, the Bergamasco Shepherd is a solidly compact dog standing 21-24" at the shoulder and weighing 57-84lbs. The Bergamasco has an unusual felted coat that forms mats or flocks as the dog gets older. The colour of the coat can be anything from gray or silver gray (merle) to a mixture of black to coat, with brown shades intermixed. The life expectancy of the Bergamasco is 13-15 years. No other information on the health of the breed is available. [img]http://www.worldlifeexpectancy.com/images/animals/dogs/bergamasco-shephe...

American Water Spaniel

A medium-sized dog with a double layered coat, the American Water Spaniel was developed in Wisconsin. A versatile breed, members of the AWS enjoy being the center of attention. Not the fastest swimmer, they have great endurance. The breed can be stubborn and slow to mature, as well as possessive towards food. The American Water Spaniel has a curly coat, that can be liver, brown or chocolate coloured. Weighing 55-65lbs, the American Water Spaniel stands 15-18" at the shoulder. With an average life span of 10-13 years, the American Water Spaniel can be prone to cataracts, progressive retinal atrophy, hypothyroidism, epilepsy, allergies, diabetes and glandular disorders leading to baldness. [img]http://dgicdplf3pvka.cloudfront.net/images/dogbreeds/large/American-Wate...

Saint Bernard

A very large breed of working dog, the Saint Bernard originated in Northern Italy and Switzerland. The breed's coat can be either smooth or rough, and red and white, or mahogany brindle and white in colour. Known as a Gentle Giant, the Saint Bernard calm, patient, and sweet with people, especially children. The breed must be socialized to prevent any territorial aggression. While not a protective breed, the Saint Bernard may bark at strangers, which may make them good deterrents against possible intruders. With an average lifespan of 8-10 years, the Saint Bernard is prone to elbow dysplasia, hip dysplasia, osteosarcoma, epilepsy, dilated cardiomyopathy, and eczema.

Cumberland Sheepdog

Now extinct, the Cumberland Sheepdog originated in Great Britain. Fairly heavy and quite dense, the coat of the Cumberland Sheepdog was black with a white blaze, chest, feet and tip of tail. The breed was approximately 20" and weighed 40-50lbs. The Cumberland Sheepdog was related to the Border Collie and is thought to have played a part in creating the Australian Shepherd.

Rajapalayam

A large sighthound, the Rajapalayam originated in India. The breed has a short and fine coat that is milky white, spotted, black, or brown in colour. Used predominantly for hunting boar and as a guard dog, the Rajapalayam is very affectionate devoted to its owner, although it needs wide open spaces. Known to be one-person dogs, they do not like to be touched by strangers. They do not get along with other animals like cats, due to their hunting instinct.

Irish Terrier

One of the oldest terrier breeds, the Irish Terrier originated in Ireland. The coat of the Irish Terrier is golden wheaten, red wheaten or wheaten in colour. Active dogs enjoying challengers, the Irish Terrier is full of life while not being hyperactive. Good with people, the breed loves children. They need daily exercise, and will not be happy otherwise. Early socialization is a necessity, as they are often dominant with other dogs. With a lifespan of 12-13 years, the Irish Terrier is prone to cataracts and hypothyroidism.

Billy

Originating in France, the Billy is a large scenthound. Short and smooth, the Billys coat comes in white and off-white, with orange or lemon spots possible. The Billy stands 58-70cm at the shoulder and weighs 52-70lbs. Difficult off lead and extremely fast, the Billy needs a lot of exercise. Known to not get along with other dogs, the Billy is very intelligent and courageous.

Vizsla

A sporting dog in the pointer group, the Vizsla originated in Hungary. The breed has a dense, short and smooth coat that is any shade of golden-rust in colour. Often referred to as velcro-dogs, the Vizsla quickly forms a close bond with their owners, children, or even strangers. Excellent swimmers, the breed is high energy, requiring a great deal of exercise to remain happy and healthy. Thriving on attention, exercise and interaction, the breed is very gentle and can be great around children. With an average lifespan of 9-10 years, the Vizsla is prone to epilepsy, Progressive Retinal Atrophy, hypothyroidism, dwarfism, lymphosarcoma, cancer, food allergies, skin allergies, and sebaceous adenitis.

Chihuahua

The smallest breed of dog, the Chihuahua originated in Mexico. Not always getting along with other breeds of dogs, the Chihuahua is often not the best choice for homes with small children. The Chihuahua can often be found hidden in laundry or under couch cushions, in a den they made by themselves. Chihuahua's can be found in both short and long-haired varieties. There is another split between apple head and deer head chihuahuas, though apple head is the only conformationally correct variety. Coming in any colour combination or marking, common colours of the Chihuahua include fawn, red, cream, chocolate, brown, mixed, white and black. With a lifespan of 12-20 years, Chihuahuas are prone to many health problems, most common being hydrocephalus, dental problems, epilepsy, seizures, hypoglycemia, collapsed trachea and eye infections or injury.

Rafeiro do Alentejo

Also called the Portuguese Mastiff, the Rafeiro do Alentejo is a large breed of dog that originated in Portugal. The breed has short to medium length fur, that is black, yellow, fawn with white markings, or white with another colour. The Rafeiro do Alentejo is a slow maturing breed, that is extremely territorial and will protect sheep, households, and families that they consider their own. However, they are not an aggressive breed, and do well with children. The Rafeiro do Alentejo is prone to hip dysplasia (especially when bred over-sized) and bloat due to their deep chest.

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Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog

Developed in Australia to herd cattle, the Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog is a medium-sized bobtailed breed. When there is a tail, it is short (no longer than 4") and should never be docked. Needing consistent training and socialization, the Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog should be alert and watchful, while responsive to it's trainer and reserved around strangers. The Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog has a medium or short, straight coat that is either speckled red or speckled blue. Standing 18-20" at the shoulders, females of the breed should be on the smaller side. 

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Anglo-Francais de Petite Venerie

A medium-sized scenthound, the Anglo-Francais de Petite Venerie originated in France. Active hunting dogs that are normally kept in packs in rural areas, the Anglo-Francais de Petite Venerie may not be suitable for city or family living. The breed has a short, dense smooth coat that is white/black/bright tan, white/black/pale tan, or white and orange in colour. The Anglo-Francais de Petite Venerie has no documented health problems, although with drop ears may be prone to ear infections.

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Working Group
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Basset Fauve de Bretagne

Originating in Brittany, the Basset Fauve de Bretagne is a short legged hunting scenthound. A smallish, wire-coated red-wheaten or fawn hound, the Basset Fauve de Bretagne weighs 36-40lbs, standing 13-15" at the shoulder. Not much is known about the health status of the Basset Fauve de Bretagne, and which, if any, common health problems affect it. Based on a small study, it is thought the average life expectancy is 10-14 years, which is typical although a little low for breeds of it's size. The most common health issues noted were reproductive, cataracts, corneal ulcers, cancer, heart failure and kidney failure. 

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Working Group
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Anatolian Shepherd Dog

Originating in central Turkey, the Anatolian Shepherd Dog is rugged, large and very strong breed. Responsible for guarding flocks without human interference, the Anatolian Shepherd Dog is independent and forceful, not making a good pet unless the owner is willing to put in a lot of work and socialization. Anatolian Shepherd Dogs have been used to protect livestock that was being killed by cheetahs, as the dogs were enough of a threat for the cheetahs to leave the livestock alone and go back to their wild prey. With a broad head, thick neck and sturdy body, the Anatolian Shepherd Dog weighs 90-150lbs, and stands 27-30" at the shoulder. They can come in any colour, with white cream and "sesame" with large white patches being the most common. The breed has a very thick, double coat, leading to excessive shedding and the need to be brushed at least two times a week during warm weather. On average, the breed lives for 11 years, which is 1-2 years longer than other breeds of it's size. Common health issues include dermatologic, musculoskeletal and limpomas. The leading causes of death were cancer and cardiac, or a combination thereof. 

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Working Group
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Alaskan Malamute

Originally bred for hauling heavy freight, later for sleds, the Alaskan Malamute is a large breed. Malamutes are a strongly independent breed with a strong prey drive, while being very fond of people, making them poor watch dogs. Alaskan Malamutes have a thick, double coat that can be various shades of grey and white, black and white, red and white, seal and white, sable and white or solid white, with a wide range of markings including blazes, collar/half collar and face markings. The Alaskan Malamute weighs 75-100lbs, standing 23-25" at the shoulder. Studies have shown that the malamutes have a much longer lifespan that other breeds of their size, living up to 15 years. Health issues common in the breed include hip dysplasia, cataracts, epilepsy, congenital heart problems, kidney problems and skin problems. Cancer shows as the main cause of death in the breed.

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Working Group
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